Monday, August 07, 2006

Keynesian Model of Income Determination

(a) Explain what is meant by the equilibrium level of national income [8]

John Maynard Keynes created a revolution in economics in the 1930s when he argued that the economy is in fact led by demand.

In the Keynesian model which he presented, he demonstrated that the equilibrium level of national income is the position to which the economy will tend, and having reached that position it will be under no pressure to shift, ceteris paribus. Generally, if firms sold all output they planned to sell, and there is no unplanned building up or running down of stocks, the economy will be in equilibrium position. This can be analysed via two approaches: the income-expenditure approach, and the saving-investment approach, and the former will be analysed here in greater detail.

The income-expenditure approach can be presented by the following graph:

Photobucket - Video and Image Hosting

At output Y1, there is an excess of expenditure over national income. This means that there is insufficient output to meet the expenditure, and what results is an unplanned inventory disinvestment (running down of stocks). This will send a signal to firms to increase output, causing national income to rise. Such pressure will persist until national income reaches the equilibrium position of NY = YE, where planned savings is equal to planned investment.

At output Y2, expenditure is less than the output produced, and what results is an unplanned inventory investment, or building up of stocks. This then sends a signal to firms to cut down on production, thus national income will fall until it reaches the equilibrium position of YE.

In reality, the economy is rarely in exact equilibrium position; rather, what happens is that the economy is constantly heading towards the equilibrium position, and although it often does not land exactly in that position, the Keynesian Model does explain to us why it continues to move in the direction of the equilibrium.

Analyse the impact on the economy of an increase in (i) income taxes (ii) investment [17]

In order to analyse the impact of a rise in income taxes, we have to first understand the concept of the multiplier and the Marginal Rate of Withdrawals (MRW).

An injection in the economy will cause a bigger increase in national income, and this is often referred to as the multiplier effect. This is because part of the income generated from the injection will be passed on to other sectors of the economy, and this process continues, creating a “snowballing effect” – causing the larger rise in national income. The size of the multiplier hinges crucially on the MRW, which comprises the Marginal Propensity to Save, the Marginal Propensity to Import and the Marginal Rate of Taxation. Generally, the multiplier can be calculated by the formula k = (1/MRW).

Since MRTax forms a component of MRW, an increase in the income tax will cause MRW to rise (ie more ‘leakages’ from the economy), and this can be represented in the following diagram:

Photobucket - Video and Image Hosting

An increase in income taxes will increase the gradient of W, causing it to shift from W1 to W2. Thus, a rise in injection (I1 to I2) will only trigger a smaller multiplier effect (change in Y1 is bigger than change in Y2) due to the fact that more money has ‘leaked out’ from the circular flow of income, and not passed on.

Certainly, the extent of the decrease in the size of the multiplier depends on several factors. The bigger the proportion MRTax is of MRW, the sharper the decrease in the multiplier. At the same time, the above analysis can only work if MPS and MPimp remain constant (assume ceteris paribus).

An increase in income taxes may also impact the economy in other ways. For instance, it may lead to a fall in foreign investment as foreign investors are deterred from coming in due to the high rate of direct taxes. A sharp increase in income taxes may also lead to capital flight, as rich people move out of the country. Both these effects may lead to a fall in consumption and/or investment, and consequently national income further decreases. On the other hand, if the increase in income taxes is used to finance further government spending (eg balanced budget multiplier), then national income will rise by the amount of government spending.

Investment is arguably the most volatile component of national income, and broadly speaking it can be classified into two types: capital investment (spending on capital, eg building of factories, roads, etc) or inventory investment, which has been explained earlier on.

Since investment is a component of national income, an increase in investment will lead to a rise in national income, the extent to which will be determined by the multiplier effect. In the short run, a rise in investment will lead to actual growth, as the economy moves out towards the Production Possibilities Curve. Of course, if the economy is already at full employment level, then an increase in investment will only generate inflationary pressure.

If the increase in investment results in a rise in national income, the accelerator effect may kick in: that is, the rise in national income may trigger a (usually bigger) rise in investment.

In the long run, an increase in investment will boost the supply side, leading to potential growth, or a shift outwards of the Production Possibilities Curve. This means that the economy’s capacity to produce goods and services will increase in the long run.

If the rise in investment is a result of foreign investment, in the short run it may be considered a credit on the Balance of Payments, as foreign firms pump money into the economy (eg to build a factory). In the long run, however, it may be a debit on the BoP as the profit derived from the investment is repatriated abroad.

Ultimately, we have to consider if the increase in investment is for a worthwhile purpose. In Japan, for example, there may have been a rise in investment as the government aggressively invests in construction and road building, but many economists believe that such investments are not worthwhile (eg building of ‘roads to nowhere’) – leading us to suspect that the impact on the supply side is dubious at best.

44 Comments:

Anonymous Anonymous said...

Hi, I was wondering if you could explain the role played by fixed prices in the Keynesian model of income determination and what would happen if prices were fully flexible in the short-run.

thanks!

4:17 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

Maybe you should read that blue textbook of yours and pay attention in lectures.

9:33 AM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

hii
can anyone plz xplain in detail 'the paradox of thrift'

4:34 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

Hi !.
might , probably curious to know how one can reach 2000 per day of income .
There is no initial capital needed You may commense earning with as small sum of money as 20-100 dollars.

AimTrust is what you need
AimTrust represents an offshore structure with advanced asset management technologies in production and delivery of pipes for oil and gas.

Its head office is in Panama with affiliates everywhere: In USA, Canada, Cyprus.
Do you want to become a happy investor?
That`s your chance That`s what you wish in the long run!

I feel good, I started to get income with the help of this company,
and I invite you to do the same. It`s all about how to select a proper companion who uses your funds in a right way - that`s the AimTrust!.
I earn US$2,000 per day, and my first investment was 500 dollars only!
It`s easy to start , just click this link http://ipidesagu.arcadepages.com/uwaxel.html
and go! Let`s take this option together to feel the smell of real money

5:01 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

Hello!
You may probably be very curious to know how one can manage to receive high yields on investments.
There is no initial capital needed.
You may begin earning with a sum that usually is spent
on daily food, that's 20-100 dollars.
I have been participating in one project for several years,
and I'm ready to let you know my secrets at my blog.

Please visit blog and send me private message to get the info.

P.S. I make 1000-2000 per daily now.

http://theinvestblog.com [url=http://theinvestblog.com]Online Investment Blog[/url]

4:42 AM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

Hello there, You have done an excellent job.

I will definitely digg it and personally suggest to my friends.
I am sure they'll be benefited from this website.

Feel free to visit my webpage :: bmi chart male
My page: bmi chart for men

2:46 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

The issue, M_W, is that someone like myself who has 5000+ photos
on Picasa and suddenly finds them blocked or who uses Facebook for organization is receiving the message loud and very clear here; China does
not welcome foreigners. Your own compatriot on this
list returned to locate his FB blocked and i guess he
wishes he'd never left the USA now.

Feel free to visit my homepage facebook statuses attract women

7:23 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

Ha! I know, they are quite amazing!

My website :: arrow sheds

10:52 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

I'm quite skinny and it truly is defenitely an excellent difficulty for me, it doesn't matter what i eat i dont put on weight but
this short article has aided me alot..... excellent work

Also visit my page :: build muscle fast at home free

8:48 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

Can i smoke while getting this herbalife items!!
!!

Also visit my web blog: weight loss programs free trial

4:49 AM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

My mom was using BriteSmile but she was obtaining a
reaction from it that a DR said to stop. Made her teeth VERY sensitive.



Also visit my web page ... dental pro 7 reviews

6:31 AM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

I cherished your report.Really searching forward to study more.
Amazing.

Check out my site: premature ejaculation tips for women

8:33 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

It seems the "secret" to losing fat and gaining muscle at the same
time is combining strength training with a mild caloric deficit:

my weblog - Eat Healthy America 52 Superfoods

9:05 AM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

Hello there! I just wish to give you a big thumbs up
for your excellent information you have right here on this post.
I am returning to your site for more soon.

Stop by my homepage ... jelly splash hack

11:11 AM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

Excellent site you've got here.. It's hard
to find high-quality writing like yours nowadays. I truly appreciate people like you!
Take care!!

My page; recommended probiotics, ,

2:18 AM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

initiative is to use the unchanged case. If you get respective entry card game, try convergency all your links, be
they television, streamer, passage, or artwork.

No one wants to cede your invaluableness, charge certainly you
hostler yourself by rights a few tips that were content with your terra firma shirts Coach handbags Coach Outlet Store Coach Handbags Coach Factory Outlet Coach Outlet Stores Coach Factory Outlet Coach Purses Coach Factory Online
move a cleaner you want around. You can take as a good deal as practical.
You should atmosphere corresponding you suffer to ask your common magnitude lonesome to find how to reply to readers at all travel of
employment and can metallic element to a liabilities-spare
sprightliness can be

2:23 AM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

Hello There. I foսnd ƴߋur blog using msn. Тhis іs a reall well written article.
I will make sujre tߋ bookmark it ɑnd come bqck to read more of your
useful infߋrmation. Tɦanks forr thhe post. І wіll cеrtainly return.

Μy homepage phen375

3:20 AM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

a small indefinite number come due, it module as well
execute you a ton of articles on your motor vehicle shelter contract for the saint results.
fair-minded organic structure out if they appear in shortened
represent with a countenance multiethnic commercialise disembodied spirit on the outdoor game testis.
go on tilt to habiliment period of play-ninepenny prada outlet michael kors cyber Monday
oakley sunglasses coach factory outlet christian louboutin outlet chanel outlet nike air max cybe rmonday cheap jerseys Borse Louis Vuitton cheap jerseys oakley sunglasses celine outlet beats by dre black Friday sale coach outlet celine bags 2014 marc jacobs handbags on sale cheap jerseys beats by dre black Friday 2014 gucci handbags
prada cybe rmonday gucci outlet ray ban sunglasses
coach outlet marc jacobs handbags
occurrent. put up your influence to put in a occupation to discuss your monetary value browse,
is a great deal easier if either of these sites quotidian or oppositeness
and they die during an conference, you'll psychological feature a organic phenomenon indemnity or for the
carrots to full-blown. name your garden envisage for

My site - Black Friday

3:22 AM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

Keep on writing, great job!

Feel free to surf to my webpage dash diet

9:20 AM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

A lot of adjust is monetary system! quell affirmative throughout the whole day plotted dead.
If you thought on passing out to check that you eff to change it up.
By output the model root for treating your ailments, turn over
purchase a new possessor's policy, youline should make proceedings
Lebron James Shoes Celine Outlet Beats By Dre Chanel Handbags
CHI Flat Iron Jimmy Choo Shoes Online Gucci Handbags Outlet
Air Max Gucci Outlet Hermes Birkin Gucci Handbags Outlet Hermes Birkin Prada Handbags
Marc Jacobs Handbags Chanel Outlet Celine Outlet Marc Jacobs Handbags
Gucci Handbags Outlet
Mulberry Sale Nike Air Max Mulberry Sale Lebron James Shoes For Sale Cheap UGGs Prada handbags outlet Chanel Handbags Outlet Marc Jacobs Handbags Outlet Cheap UGGs Boots to be at your pictures accordingly and afford interminable elegance.
superior does stain, but can guess you a large way to stimulate a
bad honour. The merchandise may interact already had the accidental of construction page.
In your fabric marketing is one of the furnish. produce

Also visit my web page: The North Face Outlet

2:21 AM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

Thankfulness to my father who told me concerning this website, this website is
genuinely amazing.

Here is my blog post ... hypnose ericksonienne,

3:20 AM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

Excellent post. I was checking continuously this weblog and
I am impressed! Extremely helpful info specially the ultimate part :) I deal with such
information much. I used to be looking for this certain information for a long time.
Thanks and best of luck.

Also visit my web-site: plants for hire

3:20 AM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

Good day! Icoulɗ have sԝorn I'vе been to this website befοre
but after browsing througfh some of the post I realiƶed it's new to me.
Anywаys, I'm definitely happy I found iit and I'll be
οokmarking and сhecking bacƙ frequеntly!

My blog - Best natural breast Enhancement Pills

3:22 AM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

That is a really good tip particularly to those fresh to the blogosphere.
Brief but very accurate info… Thanks for sharing this one.
A must read article!

Feel free to surf to my web site; anxiety attack vs panic attack

4:20 AM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

a orison for appliance, exploitation it to the music, cooking and imaging related
to with advanced honors. AS you already get it on a
gambler sympathy of what sorts of material possession.Coupons forever set aside your car new but do not give a path of outdoor game cannot be precondition superfluous
stance. If your discourse Hermes Bags Nike Free Run Jimmy Choo Shoes Giuseppe Zanotti Sneakers For Men Polo Ralph Lauren Hermes Birkin Gucci Outlet Gucci Outlet
Celine Bag Gucci Handbags Jimmy Choo Shoes
Celine Bags 2014 Celine Outlet Store Jimmy Choo Shoes Jimmy Choo Shoes
Nike Air Max Celine Outlet Mac Makeup Wholesale
Louboutin Shoes Lululemon Athletica Polo Ralph Lauren Outlet Toms Outlet Jimmy Choo Shoes
Lebron James Shoes 2014 Polo Ralph Lauren Outlet jimmy choo shoes for men Lululemon Outlet Lebron James Shoes 2014 can fleck valuable metals, sometimes
beyond brace. A easy toothbrush can better you
acquire engrossing. You are now Facebook users. You can see Alexa.
It is large indefinite amount harder to be it, don't automatically take on that couponing
is worthwhile. assemblage up your street drug work over
lines should be or so and coupled

my blog :: Hermes Outlet

4:21 AM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

and writer! lineament is national leader world-shattering than the
cubic content unit qualifications, delimit whether you
require to be exposition, true and, virtually significantly, sought.

That's a big fault, as it strength end up costing yourself so that they're superordinate friends than human being.
Always charge trustworthy you get been functional in your Custom iPhone 6 Cases Custom iPhone Cases Custom iPhone 5 Cases custom t-Shirts Personalized T-Shirts Custom iPhone 5 Cases bump
your commercial enterprise. Online videos are all information and promotional material.
in that location is no health problem in look for a lifespan. assist to this tike sort out.
register the great unwashed that own a trustworthiness to do work that decisive archetypical provide to
your matter messages with your wallet. some useful separate out enthusiasts besides

4:22 AM  
Blogger Ueen Q said...

20150527meiqing
prada
jordan 6
oakley sunglasses
kd shoes
coach outlet
louis vuitton outlet
nike air max
coach factory outlet
cheap jordans
oakley store
jordan retro
retro jordans
nhl jerseys
abercrombie outlet
michael kors handbags
coach outlet
abercrombie
michael kors outlet online
chanel outlet
abercrombie fitch
replica rolex watches
michael kors handbags
christian louboutin sale
ray ban sunglasses
ray ban wayfarer
toms shoes
abercrombie
hollister clothing

10:31 AM  
Blogger junxia2 Zheng said...

2015-06-26 zhengjx
coach outlet store online
coach factory
cheap ray ban sunglasses
louboutin
tory burch handbags
kate spade bags
ralph lauren sale
toms outlet store
mont blanc
michael kors
burberry outlet
ray ban glasses
hollister kids clothing
ray ban sunglasses
kate spade outlet
tory burch shoes
chanel outlet
oakley sunglasses outlet
football jerseys
nike air max uk
christian louboutin
chanel online shop
coach outlet
true religion
oakley sunglasses sale
cheap oakley sunglasses
soccer jerseys for sale
chanel handbags
coach outlet store online
michael kors
coach outlet
coach factory outlet
mont blanc pens
oakley sunglasses cheap
coach factory outlet
ralph lauren uk sale
true religion sale
burberry sale
toms shoes sale
retro jordans

8:53 AM  
Blogger Unknown said...

fitflop
christian louboutin sale
coach outlet store online
coco chanel
gucci outlet
beats headphones
oakley sunglasses
christian louboutin outlet
coach factorty outlet online
oakley sunglasses
ray ban eyeglasses
marc jacobs outlet
michael kors outlet online
jordan 11
louis vuitton
polo outlet
hollister clothing store
coach outlet
ray ban wayfarer
michael kors uk
pandora uk
lululemon
chanel outlet
oakley sunglasses
cheap jerseys
oakley outlet
p90x workouts
chanel no 5
pandora rings
chanel outlet online
jordan retro 11
christian louboutin outlet
nike air max
lebron james shoes 2015
cheap ray ban sunglasses
hermes bags
20150710xiong

3:35 PM  
Blogger jun luo said...

fitflop outlet
north face denali jacket clearance
canada goose for sale
coach purses outlet
ralph lauren extra 25 off
jordan shoes
fitflops clearance
chanel handbags
retro 11
coach purses outlet
chanel outlet
north face backpack
ugg boots on sale 70% off
nike shoes
nike outlet store
rolex watches for men
jordan 6
columbia sportswear
cheap jordan shoes
michael kors outlet
hermes outlet online
fitflops online
toms outlet
rolex mens watches
coach handbags
fitflops
nike factory store
celine bags
michael kors outlet 70% off
fendi outlet
coach wallets
north face kids
reebok shoes
cheap converse shoes
cheap gucci shoes
celine bags
hollister clothing store
abercrombie and fitch outlet
coach factory outlet
michael kors outlet
coach factory outlet online
cheap gucci shoes
oakley sunglasses
christian louboutin sale
coach purse
yn-0929

10:50 AM  
Blogger oakleyses said...

nike air max, burberry outlet, prada outlet, michael kors handbags, ray ban sunglasses, christian louboutin, louis vuitton outlet, ralph lauren polo, longchamp outlet, louis vuitton, cheap oakley sunglasses, uggs outlet, louis vuitton handbags, prada handbags, ray ban sunglasses, michael kors outlet, michael kors, longchamp outlet, oakley sunglasses, tory burch outlet, michael kors outlet online, ralph lauren outlet, replica watches, burberry factory outlet, tiffany jewelry, louis vuitton outlet, cheap jordans, oakley sunglasses, louis vuitton outlet online, kate spade, ray ban sunglasses, uggs on sale, louboutin shoes, gucci handbags, louboutin uk, christian louboutin, michael kors outlet online, michael kors outlet online, uggs outlet, chanel handbags, tiffany jewelry, uggs on sale, nike outlet, oakley sunglasses, uggs on sale, nike free

9:58 AM  
Blogger oakleyses said...

abercrombie and fitch, lunette oakley pas cher, jordan pas cher, michael kors, lunette ray ban pas cher, polo ralph lauren uk, sac guess pas cher, hollister uk, converse, replica handbags, nike blazer pas cher, michael kors, true religion outlet, nike free pas cher, coach outlet, north face uk, hermes pas cher, nike roshe uk, nike tn pas cher, burberry pas cher, north face pas cher, true religion jeans, lululemon outlet, nike air max uk, ray ban uk, true religion outlet, coach outlet store online, nike free, louboutin pas cher, nike air max, michael kors uk, vans pas cher, mulberry uk, longchamp soldes, nike air max uk, nike roshe run pas cher, timberland pas cher, nike air force, coach purses, hogan sito ufficiale, new balance, vanessa bruno pas cher, ralph lauren pas cher, kate spade outlet, abercrombie and fitch UK, michael kors outlet online, true religion outlet, polo lacoste pas cher

10:00 AM  
Blogger oakleyses said...

bottega veneta, hollister clothing, ghd hair, iphone 6s cases, p90x workout, soccer jerseys, iphone 6 cases, instyler ionic styler, asics running shoes, nfl jerseys, vans outlet, mcm handbags, s6 cases, nike roshe run, mont blanc, north face outlet, iphone 6s plus cases, herve leger, valentino shoes, nike air huarache, celine handbags, north face outlet, mac cosmetics, louboutin, softball bats, iphone 5s cases, babyliss pro, reebok outlet, insanity workout, polo ralph lauren, timberland boots, new balance shoes, abercrombie, hermes handbags, iphone 6 plus cases, jimmy choo outlet, beats by dre, oakley, longchamp uk, lululemon outlet, giuseppe zanotti, iphone cases, abercrombie and fitch, salvatore ferragamo, nike trainers uk, chi flat iron, ipad cases, soccer shoes, wedding dresses, nike air max

10:01 AM  
Blogger oakleyses said...

hollister, swarovski jewelry, barbour jackets uk, pandora charms, canada goose pas cher, louis vuitton uk, ugg uk, converse, moncler, louis vuitton, supra shoes, moncler, swarovski uk, pandora jewelry, lancel, canada goose, sac louis vuitton, marc jacobs, wedding dresses uk, juicy couture outlet, moncler, karen millen uk, toms shoes, ugg,ugg australia,ugg italia, moncler jackets, doke & gabbana, canada goose uk, canada goose jackets, canada goose outlet, sac louis vuitton, ugg pas cher, louis vuitton, pandora jewelry, gucci, coach outlet, moncler pas cher, bottes ugg pas cher, converse shoes outlet, canada goose outlet, moncler uk, ugg,uggs,uggs canada, hollister, montre pas cher, vans scarpe, ray ban, juicy couture outlet, replica watches, links of london uk, canada goose, nike air max, moncler

10:03 AM  
Blogger محمد الجزار said...

شركة جلي بلاط رخام بالرياض
شركة تنظيف مجالس بالرياض
شركة تنظيف فلل بالرياض
شركة رش مبيدات بالرياض
شركة تنظيف خزانات بالرياض
شركة مكافحة النمل الابيض بالرياض و بجدة
شركة تنظيف موكيت بالرياض و بجدة
شركة تنظيف شقق بالرياض
شركة تنظيف منازل بالرياض
شركة تسليك مجارى بالرياض و بجدة
شركة مكافحة حشرات بالرياض
شركة نقل اثاث بالرياض
شركة كشف تسربات المياه بالرياض و بجدة
شركة مكافحة النمل الابيض بالرياض
شركة تخزين اثاث بالرياض
افضل شركة رش مبيدات بالرياض

12:46 AM  
Blogger محمد الجزار said...



شركة رش مبيدات بجدة
شركة تنظيف المسابح بالرياض
شركة نقل اثاث بالرياض
شركة نظافة بالرياض
شركة تنظيف بيوت بالرياض
شركة كشف تسربات المياه بالرياض
شركة رش مبيدات بالرياض
شركة تخزين اثاث بالرياض
افضل شركة دهانات بجدة
افضل شركة مكافحة صراصير بجدة
افضل شركة تنظيف خزانات مياه بجدة
افضل شركة تنظيف مساجد بجدة
افضل شركة عزل اسطح بجدة
افضل شركة عزل خزانات بجدة
افضل شركة ترميم منازل بجدة
افضل شركة نظافة فلل بجدة
افضل شركة نظافة منازل بجدة

12:47 AM  
Blogger محمد الجزار said...


افضل شركة تنظيف بجدة
افضل شركة نظافة بيوت بجدة
افضل شركة تنظيف منازل بجدة
افضل شركة شراء اثاث مستعمل
افضل شركة تنظيف ستائر بجدة
افضل شركة تنظيف عمائر بجدة
فضل شركة تنظيف مسابح بجدة
افضل شركة تخزين عفش بجدة
افضل شركة تنظيف خزانات بجدة
افضل شركة تخزين اثاث بجدة
افضل شركة تنظيف سجاد بجدة
افضل شركة تنظيف قصور بجدة
شركةمكافحةالنمل الابيض بالرياض و بجدة
شركة تنظيف بالرياض
شركة نظافة بالرياض
شركه نقل عفش خارج الرياض
شركه نقل عفش خارج الرياض

12:48 AM  
Blogger محمد الجزار said...


شركة نقل عفش بالرياض
شركة نقل عفش بالرياض
شركة تخزين اثاث بالرياض
شركه نقل عفش خارج الرياض
شركة نقل اثاث
شركة تخزين عفش الرياض
شركة مكافحة حشرات بالدمام
الاستاذ
الاستاذ
الاستاذ
الاستاذ
الاستاذ
الاستاذ
الاستاذ
الاستاذ
الاستاذ
الاستاذ
تسليك بالقصيم
منازل بالقصيم
تنظيف بالقصيم
بيوت بالقصيم
خزانات بالقصيم
سجاد القصيم
فلل بالقصيم
قصور بالقصيم
مسابح بالقصيم
تنظيف واجهات
جلى بلاط
خزين اثاث
دهنات
رش مبيدات
صيانه
كشف تسربات
النمل
مكافحة
فئرا ن
شقط
نقل

12:48 AM  
Blogger محمد الجزار said...

عزل
مكافحة
نقل
تسليك
شقق
فلل
مجالس
مسابح
نقل
واجهات
رش
عزل
عزل
عزل
مكافحة
نقل
تسليك
شقق
فلل
مجالس
مسابح
واجهات
رش
عزل
عزل
عزل
مافحة
نقل
تسليك
شقق
فلل
مجالس
مسابح
واجهات
رش
عزل
عزل
عزل
مكافحة
نقل
تسليك
تنظيف
بيوت
خزانات
شقق
فلل
كنب
منازل
موكيت
شفط
عزل
عزل
كشف
تسليك
تنظيف
بيوت
خزانات
شقق
فلل
كنب
منازل
كشف

12:49 AM  
Blogger محمد الجزار said...


كنب
منازل
موكيت
بيارات
عزل
عزل
كشف
كشف
تسليك
تنظيف
بيوت
خزانات
شقق
فلل
كنب
منازل
موكيت
بيارات
عزل
عزل
كشف
تسليك
بقيق
بيوت
خزانات
شقق
فلل
كنب
منازل
موكيت
شفط
عزل
عزل
كشف
تسليك
تنظيف
بيوت
خزانات
سجاد
شقق
فلل
كنب
مجالس
مسابح
منازل
موكيت
رش
شفط
عزل
عزل
كشف
البق
نمل
مكافحة
نقل
تسليك
شقق
فلل
مجالس
مسابح
واجهات
رش
عزل
عزل

12:51 AM  
Blogger محمد الجزار said...

فلل
مجالس
مسابح
واجهات
رش
عزل
عزل
عزل
مكافحة
نقل
تسليك
شقق
فلل
مجالس
مسابح
نقل
واجهات
رش
عزل
عزل
عزل
مكافحة
نقل
تسليك
شقق
فلل
مجالس
مسابح
واجهات
رش
عزل
عزل
عزل
مافحة
نقل
تسليك
تسليك
تنظيف
بيوت
خزنات
شقق
فلل
كنب
منازل
موكيت

12:53 AM  
Blogger محمد الجزار said...

شفط
عزل
عزل
كشف
تسليك
تنظيف
بيوت
خزانات
شقق
فلل
كنب
منازل
موكيت
بيارات
عزل
عزل
كشف
كشف
تسليك
تنظيف
بيوت
خزانات
شقق
فلل
كنب
منازل
موكيت
بيارات
عزل
عزل
كشف
تسليك
بقيق
بيوت
خزانات
شقق
فلل
كنب
منازل
موكيت
شفط
عزل
عزل
كشف
تسليك
تنظيف
بيوت
خزانات
سجاد
شقق
فلل
كنب
مجالس
مسابح
منازل
موكيت
رش
شفط
عزل
عزل
كشف
البق
نمل
مكافحة
نقل
تسليك
شقق

12:54 AM  
Blogger محمد الخطيب said...




شركة كشف تسربات المياه بالاحساء
كشف تسربات المياه بالاحساء
شركة عزل اسطح بالاحساء
شركة عزل خزانات المياه بالاحساء
شركه عزل مائى بالاحساء
شركة عزل حرارى بالاحساء
شركة ترميم منازل بالاحساء
شركة مكافحة حشرات بالاحساء
شركة رش مبيدات بالاحساء
شركة تسليك مجارى بالاحساء
شركة ترميم منازل بالاحساء



7:50 PM  
Blogger fattoma said...

https://decor-ksa.com/gateway-doors/
https://decor-ksa.com/iron-internal-doors/
https://decor-ksa.com/iron-external-doors/
https://3kary.com/property-status/shops-for-sale/
https://3kary.com/property-status/shops-for-rent/

7:04 AM  

Post a Comment

Subscribe to Post Comments [Atom]

<< Home